Definition: The rand () function is used to generate a random number in PHP. It can also be used to generate a random number within a specific range (for example a number between 10 and 30.) On a some platforms, Windows for example, if unspecified the largest number that will be generated is 32768, however you can set a specific range to include higher numbers.
print rand() . "<br>";
//generates and prints a random number
print rand(10, 30);
//generates and prints a random number between 10 and 30 (10 and 30 ARE included)
print rand(1, 1000000);
//generates and prints a random number between on and one million